A river dune development model that can predict the development of these dunes in the coming days and make prognoses for climate change
Motivation and Practical Challenge
River dunes can be seen as waves of sand moving over the river bed. Their size, e.g. height and length, and how fast they mover with the discharge. During high flows these waves are high and move fast. During low flow, their height becomes lower and they move slower. Adaptation from high to low flow also takes some time. When a low flow period follow shortly after a high flow period the dunes are relatively high compared to the water depth. At those moments the dunes can be seen as bumps for shipping. Which implies that shippers cannot take on their full load.
My goal is to better understand the dynamics of these river dunes such that we can predict what the bed will look like in the coming days and also to study the effects of changing discharge regimes on the dune development in light of climate change.
My research questions are
- How do height, length and shape of river dunes change during a flood wave and the following months based on measurements of the riverbed?
- How accurate can dune dynamics be modelled throughout the all possible discharges in a river, while limiting the computational load of the model?
- To what extend can the model predict dune development? How can the these predictions be improved by using the measured data of the river bed?
- What are effective measures in river systems to mitigate the effect of a changed discharge regime due to climate change on dune development to ensure navigability and high-water safety?
- I developed a fast method to extract river dune dimensions from bed measurements (based on wavelet analysis, https://github.com/LiekeLokin/DuneDataAnalysis)
- We have studied dune dynamics over 10 years of biweekly bed measurements, we were therefore able to study dune dynamics also during low and median flows which was not done before
- We will built further on an existing dune development model, to also implement low flow dune dynamics
- In order to predict the bed development, I will study different ways to incorporate the data in the model to improve predictions for the future
- Together with students I study the effect of human activity on the dune dynamics, e.g. shipping, dredging and river interventions
Relevant for whom and where?
Potential users of my research may be river managers to improve their management with respect to dune dynamics, dredging companies to better plan their dredging activities in the rivers, shipping companies because the model I develop can help them see where and when the lowest navigable depths can be expected.
Findings and practical application
In the first part of my research I studied the dune dynamics in the Waal River over 10 years. The most important finding is that the dunes become longer while they decrease in height. For example during high flows, deep water and high flow velocities, the dune height is 1 to 1.5 m while the dunes can be 50 m long. During extreme low flows their height is 0.5 m but the length increases up to 120 m.
Last modified: 09/11/2022
University of Twente
Modelling strategies for low flow dune behaviour
A dune development model that may be used for predicting dunes must be able to simulate dune behaviour for both high and low flows well.
13/04/2022 by Lieke Lokin
The evolution of primary dunes during low flows on the Waal river
In this study, we investigate the dune evolution in a stretch of 2 km Waal iver, the Netherlands, between the cities of Tiel and St. Andries, focusing on the low water period of 2018. The bed elevation profiles are based on Multibeam Echo Sounding (MBES) measurements of the fairway, measured on average once per two weeks.
11/02/2021 by Lieke Lokin
Towards a model for river dune dynamics under high and low discharges
The interplay of bedform dynamics, especially river dunes, and extreme flow conditions results in multiple challenges in river management. Decreasing this uncertainty results in more certain flood levels and therefore increases water safety.
13/02/2020 by Lieke Lokin
Afvoercapaciteit Niederrhein: invloed van rivierverruiming op de rivierafvoer bij Lobith
Het doel van dit onderzoeksproject is het verkrijgen van inzicht in de effecten van rivierverruiming in Nederland op de afvoer van de Rijn bij Lobith, door interactie tussen de waterstandsdaling en overstromingen langs de Duitse Niederrhein mee te nemen. Het in kaart brengen van deze interactie draagt bij aan systeemkennis, waardoor effecten van maatregelen nabij de grens op waterveiligheid beter in beeld kunnen worden gebracht.
27/02/2019 by Lieke Lokin