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E2) Floodplain ecosystem services

Start: 09/2014
End: 09/2018
Status: Active

Contact details

Remon Koopman

Radboud University Nijmegen

Ecosystem services categorized according to the CICES classification (provisioning, regulating and cultural services) and including an extra category: abiotic resources (Source: Atlas Natuurlijk Kapitaal).

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Project output

Method for quantifying the spatiotemporal development of ecosystem services in relation to river management measures.



Rivers and their floodplains can provide numerous ecosystem services that are beneficial to mankind, such as water supply, food provisioning, biomass production and recreation (e.g. sport fishing). Such ecosystem services result from numerous abiotic and biotic interactions. The sustainable use of these services can contribute to cost-effective river management. However, the appropriate quantification of riverine ecosystem services is an important prerequisite for sustainable river management. The aims of the project are to develop novel and sound indicators for quantifying spatio-temporal development of riverine ecosystem services. These indicators will be finally incorporated into a tool that quantifies the spatio-temporal development of ecosystem services in river floodplain systems in relation to river management.

Key goals: Integrated management

Innovative components

Identification of existing landscape classification systems that are suitable for biophysical quantification of spatiotemporal development of riverine ecosystem services. Linking ecosystem services indicators to landscape classes of suitable landscape classification systems. Quantification of ecosystem services and their spatio-temporal development in relation to riverine management. The following ecosystem services are quantified:

  • Biomass production of woody and non-woody vegetation of different vegetation roughness classes in floodplains along the rivers Waal, Nederrijn and IJssel (years 1997, 2005, 2008 and 2012).
  • Fish related ecosystem services.
  • Annual nutrient sequestration (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous) in floodplains.

For whom and where?

Locations that need to estimate the ecosystem services due to river intereventions such the ones implemented in the Netherlands.

Data-collection methods: Field survey measurements Historical approach Process-based modeling Systematic review

Temporal scale: 1-10years Seasonal measurements

Application development & findings

Six Landscape classification systems were considered suitable for quantifying spatio-temporal development of ecosystem services at several scales (regional to global). Biomass production of vegetation in floodplains along the river Rhine distributaries in the Netherlands was quantified. The biomass production in the Netherlands showed a decreasing trend from 1997-2012, especially for floodplains along the Waal owing to flood defense measures. This trend is predominantly caused by a decrease in the biomass production of non-woody vegetation, since woody biomass production remains relatively constant over the 15 year period. First results on the annual carbon sequestration of riparian vegetation at European scale already available. The average annual carbon sequestration potential of above-ground vegetation was calculated, based on Net Primary Productivity data, for different CORINE classes, which are present in European river systems. Further study is needed to quantify nutrient (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous) sequestration at smaller scales and to determine the trade-offs with biomass production. Subsequently, other ecosystem services (e.g. fish related ecosystem services) will be quantified and trade-offs between them are assessed and applied in various case studies.

Status for day-to-day practice

This section will be available as soon as possible.

Spatial scale: River section

Key locations: IJssel River (NL) Nederrijn-Lek River (NL) Waal River (NL)

Next steps

This section will be available as soon as possible.

Last modified: 31/01/2019

Explore the contact details to get to know more about the researchers, the supervisory team and the organizations that contribute to this project.

Main researcher

Remon Koopman

Radboud University Nijmegen

Supervisory team

dr. ir. Denie Augustijn

University of Twente

Rob Lenders

Radboud University Nijmegen

Prof. dr. Ton Breure

National Institute for Public Health and the Enviroment. Minsty of Health, Welfare and Sport.

Contributing partners

As soon as available, explore the storyline to get to know more about the main methods or prototype tools that were developed within this project.

Biomass growth of floodplain vegetation along the Dutch Rhine

Changes in the biomass growth between 1997 and 2012 to plan vegetation management strategies.

Remon Koopman

Radboud University Nijmegen

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Explore the output details for available publications to get a glance of the innovative components and implications to practice as well as the links to supporting datasets.

Project outputs

Predicting effects of ship-induced changes in flow velocity on native and alien molluscs in the littoral zone of lowland rivers

12/11/2018 by Remon Koopman et al.

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Contains: Publication open access

Suitable landscape classification systems for quantifying spatiotemporal development of riverine ecosystem services

17/10/2017 by Remon Koopman et al.

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Quantifying biomass production for assessing ecosystem services of riverine landscapes

An approach for quantifying the changes in the biomass growth over the Dutch Rhine tributaries due to the river interventions and floodplain vegetation management between the years 1997 and 2012.

01/05/2018 by Remon Koopman et al.

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Take a look to the dissemination efforts and application experiences which are available in the news items and blogs.


Dutch serie “Vroege Vogels” (Early birds) about nature and ecology in the Netherlands

07/11/2017 by Remon Koopman

During the 2017 summer and autumn a fish monitoring campaign was performed by RiverCare  and experts from Bureau Waardenburg.

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Rivercare floodplain


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